Bülent Arel’s (1919-1990) work occupies a special place in the history of electronic music, with one thing being certain: Arel’s work is still fresh, groundbreaking, and it always look outs for the next adventure in sound. Sub Rosa present a collection of his works here as part of their Early Electronic series. Bülent Arel was a Turkish-born American composer of electronic and contemporary classical music. He was also a devoted teacher, a sculptor, and a painter. From 1940 to 1947, Arel studied composition, piano, and 20th century classical music at the Ankara Conservatory. In 1959, Arel came to the US on a grant by the Rockefeller Foundation to work at the Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center. By that time the center had just started out under its director Vladimir Ussachevsky. During Arel’s work in Princeton he also met Edgard Varèse, with whom in 1962 he worked on the electronic sections of Varèse’s Déserts. Frank Zappa lists Arel as a key influence. Today’s electronic music – whether it is Autechre’s Confield (2001), Aphex Twin’s Selected Ambient Works Vol. II (1999), or Squarepusher’s Do You Know Squarepusher (2001) – builds upon a solid foundation which Bülent Arel helped to pave.